Paraquat has been at a leading position in the world's non-selective herbicides in the past few years. It is the second largest herbicide in terms of consumption, only after glyphosate.
China’s paraquat industry has developed rapidly in recent years, with TK output growing with a CAGR of about 13% during 2009-2013. China is currently a major paraquat export country, and nearly 90% of its paraquat output is exported annually.
In April 2012, Chinese government released an official announcement, namely Notification No. 1745, with a series of restrictive management measures on paraquat, such as stopping approving new manufacturers, implementing production permits and registrations of paraquat TK and formulations since April 24, 2012; forbidding all the production of paraquat AS after July 1, 2014 except for export and forbidding all the sales and application in the domestic market after July 1, 2016. This policy will greatly impact the demand of paraquat in the domestic market.
On Sept. 21, 2012, China decided to conduct anti-dumping investigations on imported pyridine originated from India and Japan. On May 27, 2013, China made a preliminary determination that pyridine originated from India and Japan was found dumping. On Nov. 20, 2013, China announced that it has made the final decision to impose anti-dumping duties on pyridine originating from India and Japan for five years.
Since 2013, the price of both paraquat TK & formulations and pyridine have increased sharply.
China is the leading producer of paraquat TK in the world, and it plays a more and more important role in the global paraquat market. As of May 2014, China’s capacity of paraquat TK is 178,500t/a, accounting for about two thirds of the global total.
Purpose of report:
CCM devotes itself to research further on the production and market situation of paraquat and pyridine in China and help customer know deeply about influence from policies and anti-dumping case, so as to help them grasp opportunities and avoid risk.
Differences with previous version:
- Main content structure unchanged
- Supplementing the latest information from 2013 to H1 2014
- World producers of herbicides (both Technical and formulations)
- World producers/traders/distributors of paraquat TK
- World producers/traders/distributors of paraquat formulations
- World producers/traders of pyridine
- Security companies
What to report:
The report covers the following aspects:
- Supply of paraquat TK and formulations (production, producer), 2009-Q1 2014
- Price of paraquat TK and formulations, 2009-Q1 2014
- Supply, price, import & export, demand of pyridine, 2009-Q1 2014
- Supply and price of methyl chloride, 2009-2013
- Technology level and R&D
- Demand and market value of paraquat, 2009-Q1 2014
- Consumption breakdown by crops, 2013
- Forecast on production and demand, 2014-2018
- Profiles of active producers of paraquat TK and pyridine
Forecast on industry:
The issues of these specific regulations in China will have a notable impact on the development of paraquat industry in China, which will make the consumption of paraquat in China completely change since 2016, but still advance the development of paraquat industry in China. Both the production and demand of paraquat in China will keep increasing stably in the coming few years, while the price may decline to some degree in the future.
Value to client:
As China’s paraquat has been playing a crucial role in the global market and its eye-catching performance under the recovering global economy will continue in the future, investment opportunities do exist in the Chinese market. With CCM’s insight into this industry, the updated report will provide much more useful information to senior executives and decision makers who are seeking for investment opportunities within the industry.
Furthermore, this report, covering the whole industrial chain of paraquat, will also provide useful information to upstream producers, as it analyzed raw material production and supply situation in details, thus bringing unexpected benefits to those players.
- Desk research
- Telephone interviews
Introduction and methodology
1 Introduction to paraquat industry in China
1.1 Overview of herbicide industry
1.2 Position of paraquat in herbicide industry
2 Paraquat upstream industry
2.1 Brief introduction to raw materials involved in paraquat production
2.2 Introduction to major raw materials for paraquat production
2.2.2 Methyl chloride
2.2.3 Impact of raw materials on paraquat industry
3 Paraquat industry in China
3.1 Development history of paraquat
3.2 Production technology of paraquat
3.2.1 Brief introduction to two methods for paraquat production
126.96.36.199 Cyanide method
188.8.131.52.1 Ammoniacal-cyanide (AC) process
184.108.40.206.2 Methanol-cyanide (MC) process
220.127.116.11 Other methods
3.2.2 Comparison of different methods
3.2.3 Production cost
3.2.4 Current technology level
3.2.5 Current research status
3.3 Registration of paraquat in China
3.4 Supply of paraquat in China, 2009-H1 2014
3.4.1 Supply of paraquat TK
18.104.22.168 Paraquat TK manufacturers
3.4.2 Supply of paraquat formulations
3.5 Circulation of paraquat in China
3.5.1 Price of paraquat, 2009-H1 2014
3.5.2 Export of paraquat, 2009-Q1 2014
3.6 Consumption of paraquat in China, 2009-2013
3.6.1 Consumption pattern of paraquat TK
3.6.2 Summary of paraquat market (volume and value)
3.6.3 Application of paraquat
22.214.171.124 Share by regions
126.96.36.199 Share by crops
4 Forecast on paraquat industry in China
4.1 Key factors influencing paraquat industry
4.1.3 Research of non-liquid formulations
4.1.4 Use habit
4.2 Future forecast on paraquat industry, 2014-2018
5 Conclusion and commercial opportunities
6.1 Profile of major paraquat TK manufacturers in China
6.1.1 Nanjing Redsun Co., Ltd.
6.1.2 Syngenta Nantong Crop Protection Co., Ltd.
6.1.3 Hubei Sanonda Co., Ltd.
6.1.4 Shandong Lvfeng Pesticide Co., Ltd.
6.1.5 Shandong Luba Chemical Co., Ltd.
6.1.6 Shandong Kexin Biochemical Co., Ltd.
6.1.7 Shijiazhuang Baofeng Chemical Co., Ltd.
6.1.8 Shandong Dacheng Pesticide Co., Ltd.
6.1.9 Zhejiang Yongnong Chem. Ind. Co., Ltd.
6.1.10 Hubei Xianlong Chemical Industry Co., Ltd.
6.1.11 Shandong Qiaochang Chemical Co., Ltd.
6.1.12 Shijiazhuang Jitai Sanmu Chemical Co., Ltd.
6.1.13 Hebei Taoyuan Pesticide Co., Ltd.
6.2 Profile of the other pyridine manufacturers in China (producers of both paraquat TK and pyridine excluded)
6.2.1 Vertellus Specialty Chemicals (Nantong) Co., Ltd.
6.2.2 Tangshan Chenhong Industrial Co., Ltd.
6.2.3 Vertellus Specialty Chemicals (Weifang) Co., Ltd.
LIST OF TABLES
Table 1.1-1 Classifications of herbicides in China
Table 1.2-1 Output and consumption of paraquat and related shares in herbicides in China, 2006-2013
Table 2.2.1-1 Pure pyridine manufacturers in China, 2009-2014
Table 2.2.1-2 Import volume and price of pyridine by month in China, 2009-Q1 2014
Table 2.2.1-3 Import volume and price of pyridine by origin in China, 2009-Q1 2014
Table 2.2.1-4 Apparent consumption of pyridine in China, 2008-H1 2014, tonne
Table 2.2.1-5 Consumption of pyridine by downstream industry in China, 2008-H1 2014
Table 2.2.2-1 Capacity of major chloride methane manufacturers in China, 2009-2013, '000t/a
Table 188.8.131.52-1 Reaction temperatures of sodium metal methods in paraquat production
Table 3.2.2-1 Comparison of pollutant discharge between AC process and MC process, 2013
Table 3.2.3-1 Unit consumption of pyridine in the production of paraquat in China, in May 2014
Table 3.2.3-2 Manufacturing cost of paraquat 42% TK by AC process in China, May 2014
Table 3.3-1 Valid registrations of paraquat in China, May 2013 Vs May 2014
Table 3.3-2 Valid registrations of paraquat formulations in China, as of May 2014
Table 3.3-3 Valid registrations of paraquat TK in China, as of May 2014
Table 184.108.40.206-1 Capacity and output of paraquat TK manufacturers in China, 2009-H1 2014
Table 220.127.116.11-2 Geographical distribution of paraquat TK manufacturers in China, 2013
Table 3.4.2-1 Output of paraquat formulations by manufacturer in China, 2009-H1 2014
Table 3.5.2-1 Change of paraquat's HS code in China
Table 3.5.2-2 Export of paraquat in China, by month, Q1 2014
Table 3.5.2-3 Export of paraquat in China, by month, 2013
Table 3.5.2-4 Export of paraquat in China, by month, 2012
Table 3.5.2-5 Export of paraquat in China, by month, 2011
Table 3.5.2-6 Export of paraquat in China, by month, 2010
Table 3.5.2-7 Export of paraquat in China, by month, 2009
Table 3.5.2-8 Export destinations of paraquat in China, Q1 2014
Table 3.5.2-9 Export destinations of paraquat in China, 2013
Table 3.5.2-10 Export destinations of paraquat in China, 2012
Table 3.5.2-11 Export destinations of paraquat in China, 2011
Table 3.5.2-12 Export destinations of paraquat in China, 2010
Table 3.5.2-13 Export destinations of paraquat in China, 2009
Table 3.5.2-14 Export of paraquat in China, by manufacturer, Q1 2014
Table 3.5.2-15 Export of paraquat in China, by manufacturer, 2013
Table 3.5.2-16 Export of paraquat in China, by manufacturer, 2012
Table 3.5.2-17 Export of paraquat in China, by manufacturer, 2011
Table 3.5.2-18 Export of paraquat in China, by manufacturer, 2010
Table 3.5.2-19 Export of paraquat in China, by manufacturer, 2009
Table 3.5.2-20 Exporters of paraquat in China, Q1 2014
Table 3.5.2-21 Exporters of paraquat in China, 2013
Table 3.5.2-22 Exporters of paraquat in China, 2012
Table 3.5.2-23 Exporters of paraquat in China, 2011
Table 3.5.2-24 Exporters of paraquat in China, 2010
Table 3.5.2-25 Exporters of paraquat in China, 2009
Table 4.1-1 Rating of importance for the factors influencing paraquat industry in China
Table 4.1.2-1 Restricted pesticides in Pesticide Production Entrance Conditions (draft) 
Table 6.1.1-1 Paraquat TK production situation in Nanjing Redsun, 2006~H1 2014
Table 6.1.1-2 Pyridine production situation in Nanjing Redsun, 2006~H1 2014
Table 6.1.2-1 Paraquat TK production situation in Nantong Syngenta, 2006~H1 2014
Table 6.1.3-1 Paraquat TK production situation in Hubei Sanonda, 2006~H1 2014
Table 6.1.4-1 Paraquat TK production situation in Shandong Lvfeng, 2006~H1 2014
Table 6.1.5-1 Paraquat TK production situation in Shandong Luba, 2006~H1 2014
Table 6.1.5-2 Pyridine production situation in Shandong Luba, 2010~H1 2014
Table 6.1.6-1 Paraquat TK production situation in Shandong Kexin, 2006~H1 2014
Table 6.1.7-1 Paraquat TK production situation in Hebei Baofeng, 2006~H1 2014
Table 6.1.8-1 Paraquat TK production situation in Shandong Dacheng, 2006~H1 2014
Table 6.1.9-1 Paraquat TK production situation in Zhejiang Yongnong, 2006~H1 2014
Table 6.1.10-1 Paraquat TK production situation in Hubei Xianlong, 2006~H1 2014
Table 6.1.11-1 Paraquat TK production situation in Shandong Qiaochang, 2006~H1 2014
Table 6.1.12-1 Paraquat TK production situation in Shijiazhuang Jitai, 2008~H1 2014
Table 6.1.13-1 Paraquat TK production situation in Hebei Taoyuan, 2008~H1 2014
Table 6.2.1-1 Pyridine production situation in Vertellus Nantong, 2006~Q1 2014
Table 6.2.2-1 Pyridine production situation in Tangshan Chenhong, 2011~Q1 2014
Table 6.2.3-1 Pyridine production situation in Vertellus Weifang, 2011~Q1 2014
LIST OF FIGURES
Figure 1.1-1 Output and share of herbicides in China's pesticide industry, 2000-2013
Figure 1.1-2 Output structure of pesticides in China, 2013
Figure 1.1-3 Output and demand of herbicides in China, 2006-2013
Figure 1.1-4 Output structure of main herbicide products, 2013
Figure 1.1-5 Output structure of main herbicide products in China, 2008
Figure 1.1-6 Domestic consumption volume of major herbicides, 2008-2013
Figure 1.2-1 Consumption structure of major herbicides in China by volume, 2013
Figure 2.2.1-1 China's import of pyridine by volume and price, 2007-Q1 2014
Figure 2.2.1-2 Ex-works price of pure pyridine in China, 2004-H1 2014
Figure 2.2.2-1 Output of chloride methane in China, 2009-H1 2014
Figure 2.2.2-2 Ex-works price of methyl chloride in China, 2008-Q1 2014
Figure 18.104.22.168.1-1 Flowchart of AC process for paraquat production
Figure 22.214.171.124.2-1 Chemical principle of MC process for paraquat production
Figure 126.96.36.199-1 Chemical principle of sodium metal method for paraquat production
Figure 188.8.131.52-2 Chemical principle of acetic anhydride-zinc method for paraquat production
Figure 184.108.40.206-3 Chemical reaction equation of ZnSO4 method for paraquat production
Figure 220.127.116.11-1 Capacity and output of paraquat TK in China, 2008-H1 2014
Figure 3.5.1-1 Ex-works prices of pyridine and paraquat TK in China, 2009-H1 2014
Figure 3.5.1-2 Ex-works price of paraquat in China, 2009-H1 2014
Figure 3.5.2-1 Export volume and price of paraquat in China, 2009-Q1 2014
Figure 3.5.2-2 Share of paraquat TK by key export destination countries/regions, 2009-Q1 2014
Figure 3.5.2-3 Share of paraquat formulations by key destination countries/regions, 2009-Q1 2014
Figure 3.6.1-1 Consumption pattern of paraquat TK (calculated by 42% TK) in China, 2009-H1 2014
Figure 3.6.2-1 Consumption volume and market value of paraquat in China, 2009-H1 2014
Figure 18.104.22.168-1 Consumption structure of paraquat by regions in China, 2013
Figure 22.214.171.124-1 Consumption of paraquat by crops in China, 2009-2013
Figure 126.96.36.199-2 Consumption structure of paraquat by crops in China, 2013
Figure 188.8.131.52-3 Consumption structure of paraquat by crops in orchard in China, 2013
Figure 4.2-1 Forecast on output of paraquat by 42% TK in China, 2014-2018
Figure 4.2-2 Forecast on consumption (42% TK) and market value of paraquat in China, 2014-2018